metacanon logo
METACANON 0.7
about
statistics
blog
login
metacanon logo
METACANON 0.7

This is not a greatest books list.

Metacanon is a database that offers an alternative to the genre of the greatest books list. Unlike lists compiled by individuals or small committees of experts, metacanon builds custom book lists by culling data from tens of thousands of scholarly texts. This data-driven approach results in a more comprehensive, flexible, and inclusive gateway into the canon(s).

Metacanon 0.7 is limited primarily to American fiction after 1800, but future updates will expand to include other areas, genres, and periods.

Use the menu below to generate your own version of the canon.

Presets:

19th Century
20th Century
1800 - Present
New York Times Archive

Custom



Include only:

Show More Options

Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.









AMERICAN FICTION 1971

# Title Author Year Score
1Mark as read.Complete StoriesFlannery O'Connor197111.30
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

National Book Award Winner (1.00 point) | Google Scholar: 255 (5.36 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 89 (2.66 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
2Mark as read.The Book of DanielE. L. Doctorow197110.52
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 180 (4.80 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 80 (2.56 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 4 (1.83 points)
3Mark as read.Angle of ReposeWallace Stegner19719.62
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 76 (3.60 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 93 (2.70 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 4 (1.83 points)
4Mark as read....y no se lo tragó la tierraTomás Rivera19719.32
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 163 (4.65 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 84 (2.61 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
5Mark as read.Love in the RuinsWalker Percy19719.26
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 126 (4.27 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 127 (3.00 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
6Mark as read.AmericanaDon DeLillo19719.11
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 63 (3.37 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 112 (2.87 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 4 (1.83 points)
7Mark as read.Rabbit ReduxJohn Updike19719.10
Genre: Novel

Pulitzer Prize Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 123 (4.23 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 99 (2.76 points) | American Literature: 7 (1.61 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
8Mark as read.Fear and Loathing in Las VegasHunter S. Thompson19717.78
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 362 (5.98 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 30 (1.79 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
9Mark as read.WonderlandJoyce Carol Oates19717.66
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 15 (1.94 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 135 (3.06 points) | American Literature: 5 (1.37 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
10Mark as read.The Autobiography of Miss Jane PittmanErnest J. Gaines19717.30
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 161 (4.63 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 90 (2.67 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
11Mark as read.The TenantsBernard Malamud19717.12
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 35 (2.72 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 102 (2.78 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
12Mark as read.The Pagan RabbiCynthia Ozick19716.98
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 36 (2.75 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 92 (2.69 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
13Mark as read.Double or NothingRaymond Federman19716.45
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 74 (3.56 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 63 (2.36 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
14Mark as read.Our GangPhilip Roth19715.80
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 85 (2.62 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
15Mark as read.The ExorcistWilliam Peter Blatty19715.10
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 88 (3.78 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 14 (1.32 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
16Mark as read.The Tiger's DaughterBharati Mukherjee19715.05
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 68 (3.46 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 22 (1.59 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
17Mark as read.The AbortionRichard Brautigan19714.91
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 26 (1.70 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
18Mark as read.Post OfficeCharles Bukowski19714.68
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 19 (2.14 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 28 (1.75 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
19Mark as read.The Wild BoysWilliam S. Burroughs19714.46
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 34 (2.69 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 29 (1.77 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
20Mark as read.The Dice ManLuke Rhinehart19714.33
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 54 (3.19 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 10 (1.14 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
21Mark as read.The Dick Gibson ShowStanley Elkin19714.32
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 11 (1.70 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 22 (1.59 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
22Mark as read.Meet Me in the Green GlenRobert Penn Warren19713.99
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 6 (1.28 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 34 (1.88 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
23Mark as read.The Winds of WarHerman Wouk19713.76
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 19 (2.14 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 23 (1.62 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
24Mark as read.Death of the FoxGeorge Garrett19713.36
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 7 (1.38 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 39 (1.98 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
25Mark as read.The CotillionJohn O. Killens19713.30
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 14 (1.89 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 3 (0.63 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
26Mark as read.Black SunEdward Abbey19713.05
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 7 (1.38 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 10 (1.14 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
27Mark as read.Drive, He SaidJeremy Larner19712.35
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 7 (1.38 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 7 (0.97 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
28Mark as read.The VampiresJohn Rechy19712.09
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 3 (0.90 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 11 (1.19 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
29Mark as read.Farragan's RetreatTom McHale19711.77
Genre: Mixed Genre

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 1 (0.45 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 5 (0.82 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
30Mark as read.A Garden of SandEarl Thompson19711.71
Genre: Mixed Genre

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 3 (0.90 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 1 (0.32 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
31Mark as read.Miss Muriel and Other StoriesAnn Petry19711.47
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 18 (1.47 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
32Mark as read.Lion CountryFrederick Buechner19711.23
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 4 (0.73 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
33Mark as read.Addie PrayJoe David Brown19710.71
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 2 (0.71 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 0 (0.00 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
34Mark as read.The Merry Month of MayJames Jones19710.63
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 3 (0.63 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
# Score
1Mark as read.Complete Stories (1971)
Flannery O'Connor
11.30
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

National Book Award Winner (1.00 point) | Google Scholar: 255 (5.36 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 89 (2.66 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
2Mark as read.The Book of Daniel (1971)
E. L. Doctorow
10.52
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 180 (4.80 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 80 (2.56 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 4 (1.83 points)
3Mark as read.Angle of Repose (1971)
Wallace Stegner
9.62
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 76 (3.60 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 93 (2.70 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 4 (1.83 points)
4Mark as read....y no se lo tragó la tierra (1971)
Tomás Rivera
9.32
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 163 (4.65 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 84 (2.61 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
5Mark as read.Love in the Ruins (1971)
Walker Percy
9.26
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 126 (4.27 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 127 (3.00 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
6Mark as read.Americana (1971)
Don DeLillo
9.11
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 63 (3.37 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 112 (2.87 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 4 (1.83 points)
7Mark as read.Rabbit Redux (1971)
John Updike
9.10
Genre: Novel

Pulitzer Prize Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 123 (4.23 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 99 (2.76 points) | American Literature: 7 (1.61 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
8Mark as read.Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1971)
Hunter S. Thompson
7.78
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 362 (5.98 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 30 (1.79 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
9Mark as read.Wonderland (1971)
Joyce Carol Oates
7.66
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 15 (1.94 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 135 (3.06 points) | American Literature: 5 (1.37 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
10Mark as read.The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman (1971)
Ernest J. Gaines
7.30
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 161 (4.63 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 90 (2.67 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
11Mark as read.The Tenants (1971)
Bernard Malamud
7.12
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 35 (2.72 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 102 (2.78 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
12Mark as read.The Pagan Rabbi (1971)
Cynthia Ozick
6.98
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 36 (2.75 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 92 (2.69 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
13Mark as read.Double or Nothing (1971)
Raymond Federman
6.45
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 74 (3.56 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 63 (2.36 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
14Mark as read.Our Gang (1971)
Philip Roth
5.80
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 85 (2.62 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
15Mark as read.The Exorcist (1971)
William Peter Blatty
5.10
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 88 (3.78 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 14 (1.32 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
16Mark as read.The Tiger's Daughter (1971)
Bharati Mukherjee
5.05
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 68 (3.46 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 22 (1.59 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
17Mark as read.The Abortion (1971)
Richard Brautigan
4.91
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 26 (1.70 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
18Mark as read.Post Office (1971)
Charles Bukowski
4.68
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 19 (2.14 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 28 (1.75 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
19Mark as read.The Wild Boys (1971)
William S. Burroughs
4.46
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 34 (2.69 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 29 (1.77 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
20Mark as read.The Dice Man (1971)
Luke Rhinehart
4.33
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 54 (3.19 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 10 (1.14 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
21Mark as read.The Dick Gibson Show (1971)
Stanley Elkin
4.32
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 11 (1.70 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 22 (1.59 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
22Mark as read.Meet Me in the Green Glen (1971)
Robert Penn Warren
3.99
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 6 (1.28 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 34 (1.88 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
23Mark as read.The Winds of War (1971)
Herman Wouk
3.76
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 19 (2.14 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 23 (1.62 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
24Mark as read.Death of the Fox (1971)
George Garrett
3.36
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 7 (1.38 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 39 (1.98 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
25Mark as read.The Cotillion (1971)
John O. Killens
3.30
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 14 (1.89 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 3 (0.63 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
26Mark as read.Black Sun (1971)
Edward Abbey
3.05
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 7 (1.38 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 10 (1.14 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
27Mark as read.Drive, He Said (1971)
Jeremy Larner
2.35
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 7 (1.38 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 7 (0.97 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
28Mark as read.The Vampires (1971)
John Rechy
2.09
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 3 (0.90 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 11 (1.19 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
29Mark as read.Farragan's Retreat (1971)
Tom McHale
1.77
Genre: Mixed Genre

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 1 (0.45 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 5 (0.82 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
30Mark as read.A Garden of Sand (1971)
Earl Thompson
1.71
Genre: Mixed Genre

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 3 (0.90 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 1 (0.32 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
31Mark as read.Miss Muriel and Other Stories (1971)
Ann Petry
1.47
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 18 (1.47 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
32Mark as read.Lion Country (1971)
Frederick Buechner
1.23
Genre: Novel

National Book Award Finalist (0.50 points) | Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 4 (0.73 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
33Mark as read.Addie Pray (1971)
Joe David Brown
0.71
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 2 (0.71 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 0 (0.00 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
34Mark as read.The Merry Month of May (1971)
James Jones
0.63
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 3 (0.63 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)

×

You must be logged in to do that.


Click here to log in or register.
×




Include only:

Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.







Yes No

Enter a title for your preset. Your saved presets will appear on your user page.
×

N-gram Frequency Correction.

Titles consisting of words or phrases that are exceedingly common in the English language corpus (such as Stephen King's It or Joyce Carol Oates's them) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to n-gram frequency correction are estimates only and are marked with an asterisk. N-gram freqencies are drawn from the Corpus of Contemporary American English, a project created by Mark Davies.


×

Non-unique author Correction.

Books by authors with a non-unique name (for example "Winston Churchill," the American novelist) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to non-unique author correction are estimates only and are marked with a dagger.


metacanon logo
about
statistics
blog
login
metacanon logo
about
statistics
blog
login
Follow us on Twitter. Like us on Facebook.