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METACANON 0.7
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METACANON 0.7

This is not a greatest books list.

Metacanon is a database that offers an alternative to the genre of the greatest books list. Unlike lists compiled by individuals or small committees of experts, metacanon builds custom book lists by culling data from tens of thousands of scholarly texts. This data-driven approach results in a more comprehensive, flexible, and inclusive gateway into the canon(s).

Metacanon 0.7 is limited primarily to American fiction after 1800, but future updates will expand to include other areas, genres, and periods.

Use the menu below to generate your own version of the canon.

Presets:

19th Century
20th Century
1800 - Present
New York Times Archive

Custom



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Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.









AMERICAN FICTION 1950-1959

# Title Author Year Score
1Mark as read.LolitaVladimir Nabokov19556.59
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 301 (6.59 points)
2Mark as read.From Here to EternityJames Jones19516.11
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 237 (6.11 points)
3Mark as read.The Catcher in the RyeJ. D. Salinger19515.93
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 215 (5.93 points)
4Mark as read.Invisible ManRalph Ellison19525.86
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 207 (5.86 points)
5Mark as read.The Old Man and the SeaErnest Hemingway19525.82
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 203 (5.82 points)
6Mark as read.Atlas ShruggedAyn Rand19575.32
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 154 (5.32 points)
7Mark as read.Charlotte's WebE. B. White19525.31
Genre: Novel, Other

New York Times Archive: 153 (5.31 points)
8Mark as read.Goodbye, ColumbusPhilip Roth19595.16
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 140 (5.16 points)
9Mark as read.ExodusLeon Uris19584.82
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 114 (4.82 points)
10Mark as read.Breakfast at Tiffany'sTruman Capote19584.79
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 112 (4.79 points)
11Mark as read.The Adventures of Augie MarchSaul Bellow19534.77
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 111 (4.77 points)
12Mark as read.East of EdenJohn Steinbeck19524.77
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 111 (4.77 points)
13Mark as read.The Caine MutinyHerman Wouk19514.67
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 104 (4.67 points)
14Mark as read.The MisfitsArthur Miller19574.67
Genre: Novella, Other

New York Times Archive: 104 (4.67 points)
15Mark as read.Naked LunchWilliam S. Burroughs19594.36
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 85 (4.36 points)
16Mark as read.Auntie MamePatrick Dennis19554.32
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 83 (4.32 points)
17Mark as read.Fahrenheit 451Ray Bradbury19534.31
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 82 (4.31 points)
18Mark as read.Advise and ConsentAllen Drury19594.27
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 80 (4.27 points)
19Mark as read.Peyton PlaceGrace Metalious19564.27
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 80 (4.27 points)
20Mark as read.A FableWilliam Faulkner19554.18
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 75 (4.18 points)
21Mark as read.HawaiiJames Michener19594.16
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 74 (4.16 points)
22Mark as read.A Death in the FamilyJames Agee19574.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 71 (4.10 points)
23Mark as read.CompulsionMeyer Levin19564.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 71 (4.10 points)
24Mark as read.The Deer ParkNorman Mailer19554.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 71 (4.10 points)
25Mark as read.The Last HurrahEdwin O'Connor19564.06
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 69 (4.06 points)
26Mark as read.The MansionWilliam Faulkner19594.04
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 68 (4.04 points)
27Mark as read.Henderson the Rain KingSaul Bellow19594.01
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 67 (4.01 points)
28Mark as read.The Long GoodbyeRaymond Chandler19534.01
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 67 (4.01 points)
29Mark as read.By Love PossessedJames Gould Cozzens19573.95
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 64 (3.95 points)
30Mark as read.Across the River and into the TreesErnest Hemingway19503.91
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 62 (3.91 points)
31Mark as read.The Manchurian CandidateRichard Condon19593.81
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 58 (3.81 points)
32Mark as read.Go Tell It on the MountainJames Baldwin19533.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 57 (3.79 points)
33Mark as read.Lie Down in DarknessWilliam Styron19513.77
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 56 (3.77 points)
34Mark as read.Seize the DaySaul Bellow19563.74
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 55 (3.74 points)
35Mark as read.Strangers on a TrainPatricia Highsmith19503.74
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 55 (3.74 points)
36Mark as read.The Man in the Gray Flannel SuitSloan Wilson19553.69
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 53 (3.69 points)
37Mark as read.Requiem for a NunWilliam Faulkner19513.64
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 51 (3.64 points)
38Mark as read.The Magic BarrelBernard Malamud19583.62
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 50 (3.62 points)
39Mark as read.The Grass HarpTruman Capote19513.59
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 49 (3.59 points)
40Mark as read.Ten North FrederickJohn O'Hara19553.56
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 48 (3.56 points)
41Mark as read.Blackboard JungleEvan Hunter19543.51
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 46 (3.51 points)
42Mark as read.Anatomy of a MurderRobert Traver19583.51
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 46 (3.51 points)
43Mark as read.The Talented Mr. RipleyPatricia Highsmith19553.48
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 45 (3.48 points)
44Mark as read.Marjorie MorningstarHerman Wouk19553.48
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 45 (3.48 points)
45Mark as read.The Martian ChroniclesRay Bradbury19503.48
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 45 (3.48 points)
46Mark as read.Some Came RunningJames Jones19573.45
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 44 (3.45 points)
47Mark as read.The Wapshot ChronicleJohn Cheever19573.39
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 42 (3.39 points)
48Mark as read.From the TerraceJohn O'Hara19583.39
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 42 (3.39 points)
49Mark as read.The Ginger ManJ. P. Donleavy19553.36
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 41 (3.36 points)
50Mark as read.The PistolJames Jones19593.30
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 39 (3.30 points)
51Mark as read.The Ponder HeartEudora Welty19543.30
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 39 (3.30 points)
52Mark as read.The Roman Spring of Mrs. StoneTennessee Williams19503.30
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 39 (3.30 points)
53Mark as read.I Am LegendRichard Matheson19543.24
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 37 (3.24 points)
54Mark as read.Giovanni's RoomJames Baldwin19563.21
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 36 (3.21 points)
55Mark as read.Dharma BumsJack Kerouac19583.21
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 36 (3.21 points)
56Mark as read.Burning BrightJohn Steinbeck19503.21
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 36 (3.21 points)
57Mark as read.The RecognitionsWilliam Gaddis19553.17
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 35 (3.17 points)
58Mark as read.AndersonvilleMacKinlay Kantor19553.14
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 34 (3.14 points)
59Mark as read.Wise BloodFlannery O'Connor19523.14
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 34 (3.14 points)
60Mark as read.On the RoadJack Kerouac19573.10New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 568 (3.10 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -94.19%
61Mark as read.A Walk on the Wild SideNelson Algren19563.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 33 (3.10 points)
62Mark as read.The Poorhouse FairJohn Updike19593.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 33 (3.10 points)
63Mark as read.The TownWilliam Faulkner19573.10New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 559 (3.10 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -94.11%
64Mark as read.FoundationIsaac Asimov19513.08New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 131 (3.08 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -75.34%
65Mark as read.Mr. BridgeEvan S. Connell19593.07
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 32 (3.07 points)
66Mark as read.PninVladimir Nabokov19573.07
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 32 (3.07 points)
67Mark as read.The Sirens of TitanKurt Vonnegut19593.07
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 32 (3.07 points)
68Mark as read.Barbary ShoreNorman Mailer19513.03
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 31 (3.03 points)
69Mark as read.A Good Man Is Hard to FindFlannery O'Connor19553.03
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 31 (3.03 points)
70Mark as read.The AssistantBernard Malamud19573.00New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 102 (3.00 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -70.29%
71Mark as read.The OutsiderRichard Wright19532.99
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 30 (2.99 points)
72Mark as read.The Best of EverythingRona Jaffe19582.95
Genre: Mixed Genre

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
73Mark as read.The Third ChoiceElizabeth Janeway19592.95
Genre: Mixed Genre

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
74Mark as read.The Ballad of the Sad CafeCarson McCullers19512.95
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
75Mark as read.MalcolmJames Purdy19592.95
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
76Mark as read.Player PianoKurt Vonnegut19522.95
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
77Mark as read.The CaveRobert Penn Warren19592.91
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 28 (2.91 points)
78Mark as read.The SubterraneansJack Kerouac19582.87
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 27 (2.87 points)
79Mark as read.The Groves of AcademeMary McCarthy19512.87
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 27 (2.87 points)
80Mark as read.The Killer Inside MeJim Thompson19522.87
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 27 (2.87 points)
81Mark as read.The Floating OperaJohn Barth19562.83
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 26 (2.83 points)
82Mark as read.The Field of VisionWright Morris19562.83
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 26 (2.83 points)
83Mark as read.PsychoRobert Bloch19592.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 25 (2.79 points)
84Mark as read.ShilohShelby Foote19522.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 25 (2.79 points)
85Mark as read.The Price of SaltPatricia Highsmith19522.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 25 (2.79 points)
86Mark as read.The Haunting of Hill HouseShirley Jackson19592.74
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 24 (2.74 points)
87Mark as read.The Sweet Flypaper of LifeLangston Hughes19552.74
Genre: Other

New York Times Archive: 24 (2.74 points)
88Mark as read.The View from Pompey's HeadHamilton Basso19542.70
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 23 (2.70 points)
89Mark as read.Pictures from an InstitutionRandall Jarrell19542.70
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 23 (2.70 points)
90Mark as read.The Cool WorldWarren Miller19592.70
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 23 (2.70 points)
91Mark as read.Sweet ThursdayJohn Steinbeck19542.65
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 22 (2.65 points)
92Mark as read.The Family MoskatIsaac Bashevis Singer19502.65
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 22 (2.65 points)
93Mark as read.The Night of the HunterDavis Grubb19542.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
94Mark as read.Jefferson SelleckCarl Jonas19522.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
95Mark as read.Flowers for AlgernonDaniel Keyes19592.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
96Mark as read.A Charmed LifeMary McCarthy19552.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
97Mark as read.Nine StoriesJ. D. Salinger19532.60
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
98Mark as read.The HustlerWalter Tevis19592.60
Genre: Mixed Genre

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
99Mark as read.Satan in GorayIsaac Bashevis Singer19552.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
100Mark as read.Let It Come DownPaul Bowles19522.55
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 20 (2.55 points)
# Score
1Mark as read.Lolita (1955)
Vladimir Nabokov
6.59
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 301 (6.59 points)
2Mark as read.From Here to Eternity (1951)
James Jones
6.11
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 237 (6.11 points)
3Mark as read.The Catcher in the Rye (1951)
J. D. Salinger
5.93
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 215 (5.93 points)
4Mark as read.Invisible Man (1952)
Ralph Ellison
5.86
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 207 (5.86 points)
5Mark as read.The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
Ernest Hemingway
5.82
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 203 (5.82 points)
6Mark as read.Atlas Shrugged (1957)
Ayn Rand
5.32
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 154 (5.32 points)
7Mark as read.Charlotte's Web (1952)
E. B. White
5.31
Genre: Novel, Other

New York Times Archive: 153 (5.31 points)
8Mark as read.Goodbye, Columbus (1959)
Philip Roth
5.16
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 140 (5.16 points)
9Mark as read.Exodus (1958)
Leon Uris
4.82
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 114 (4.82 points)
10Mark as read.Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958)
Truman Capote
4.79
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 112 (4.79 points)
11Mark as read.The Adventures of Augie March (1953)
Saul Bellow
4.77
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 111 (4.77 points)
12Mark as read.East of Eden (1952)
John Steinbeck
4.77
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 111 (4.77 points)
13Mark as read.The Caine Mutiny (1951)
Herman Wouk
4.67
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 104 (4.67 points)
14Mark as read.The Misfits (1957)
Arthur Miller
4.67
Genre: Novella, Other

New York Times Archive: 104 (4.67 points)
15Mark as read.Naked Lunch (1959)
William S. Burroughs
4.36
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 85 (4.36 points)
16Mark as read.Auntie Mame (1955)
Patrick Dennis
4.32
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 83 (4.32 points)
17Mark as read.Fahrenheit 451 (1953)
Ray Bradbury
4.31
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 82 (4.31 points)
18Mark as read.Advise and Consent (1959)
Allen Drury
4.27
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 80 (4.27 points)
19Mark as read.Peyton Place (1956)
Grace Metalious
4.27
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 80 (4.27 points)
20Mark as read.A Fable (1955)
William Faulkner
4.18
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 75 (4.18 points)
21Mark as read.Hawaii (1959)
James Michener
4.16
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 74 (4.16 points)
22Mark as read.A Death in the Family (1957)
James Agee
4.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 71 (4.10 points)
23Mark as read.Compulsion (1956)
Meyer Levin
4.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 71 (4.10 points)
24Mark as read.The Deer Park (1955)
Norman Mailer
4.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 71 (4.10 points)
25Mark as read.The Last Hurrah (1956)
Edwin O'Connor
4.06
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 69 (4.06 points)
26Mark as read.The Mansion (1959)
William Faulkner
4.04
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 68 (4.04 points)
27Mark as read.Henderson the Rain King (1959)
Saul Bellow
4.01
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 67 (4.01 points)
28Mark as read.The Long Goodbye (1953)
Raymond Chandler
4.01
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 67 (4.01 points)
29Mark as read.By Love Possessed (1957)
James Gould Cozzens
3.95
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 64 (3.95 points)
30Mark as read.Across the River and into the Trees (1950)
Ernest Hemingway
3.91
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 62 (3.91 points)
31Mark as read.The Manchurian Candidate (1959)
Richard Condon
3.81
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 58 (3.81 points)
32Mark as read.Go Tell It on the Mountain (1953)
James Baldwin
3.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 57 (3.79 points)
33Mark as read.Lie Down in Darkness (1951)
William Styron
3.77
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 56 (3.77 points)
34Mark as read.Seize the Day (1956)
Saul Bellow
3.74
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 55 (3.74 points)
35Mark as read.Strangers on a Train (1950)
Patricia Highsmith
3.74
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 55 (3.74 points)
36Mark as read.The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1955)
Sloan Wilson
3.69
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 53 (3.69 points)
37Mark as read.Requiem for a Nun (1951)
William Faulkner
3.64
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 51 (3.64 points)
38Mark as read.The Magic Barrel (1958)
Bernard Malamud
3.62
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 50 (3.62 points)
39Mark as read.The Grass Harp (1951)
Truman Capote
3.59
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 49 (3.59 points)
40Mark as read.Ten North Frederick (1955)
John O'Hara
3.56
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 48 (3.56 points)
41Mark as read.Blackboard Jungle (1954)
Evan Hunter
3.51
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 46 (3.51 points)
42Mark as read.Anatomy of a Murder (1958)
Robert Traver
3.51
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 46 (3.51 points)
43Mark as read.The Talented Mr. Ripley (1955)
Patricia Highsmith
3.48
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 45 (3.48 points)
44Mark as read.Marjorie Morningstar (1955)
Herman Wouk
3.48
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 45 (3.48 points)
45Mark as read.The Martian Chronicles (1950)
Ray Bradbury
3.48
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 45 (3.48 points)
46Mark as read.Some Came Running (1957)
James Jones
3.45
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 44 (3.45 points)
47Mark as read.The Wapshot Chronicle (1957)
John Cheever
3.39
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 42 (3.39 points)
48Mark as read.From the Terrace (1958)
John O'Hara
3.39
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 42 (3.39 points)
49Mark as read.The Ginger Man (1955)
J. P. Donleavy
3.36
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 41 (3.36 points)
50Mark as read.The Pistol (1959)
James Jones
3.30
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 39 (3.30 points)
51Mark as read.The Ponder Heart (1954)
Eudora Welty
3.30
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 39 (3.30 points)
52Mark as read.The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (1950)
Tennessee Williams
3.30
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 39 (3.30 points)
53Mark as read.I Am Legend (1954)
Richard Matheson
3.24
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 37 (3.24 points)
54Mark as read.Giovanni's Room (1956)
James Baldwin
3.21
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 36 (3.21 points)
55Mark as read.Dharma Bums (1958)
Jack Kerouac
3.21
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 36 (3.21 points)
56Mark as read.Burning Bright (1950)
John Steinbeck
3.21
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 36 (3.21 points)
57Mark as read.The Recognitions (1955)
William Gaddis
3.17
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 35 (3.17 points)
58Mark as read.Andersonville (1955)
MacKinlay Kantor
3.14
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 34 (3.14 points)
59Mark as read.Wise Blood (1952)
Flannery O'Connor
3.14
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 34 (3.14 points)
60Mark as read.On the Road (1957)
Jack Kerouac
3.10New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 568 (3.10 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -94.19%
61Mark as read.A Walk on the Wild Side (1956)
Nelson Algren
3.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 33 (3.10 points)
62Mark as read.The Poorhouse Fair (1959)
John Updike
3.10
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 33 (3.10 points)
63Mark as read.The Town (1957)
William Faulkner
3.10New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 559 (3.10 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -94.11%
64Mark as read.Foundation (1951)
Isaac Asimov
3.08New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 131 (3.08 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -75.34%
65Mark as read.Mr. Bridge (1959)
Evan S. Connell
3.07
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 32 (3.07 points)
66Mark as read.Pnin (1957)
Vladimir Nabokov
3.07
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 32 (3.07 points)
67Mark as read.The Sirens of Titan (1959)
Kurt Vonnegut
3.07
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 32 (3.07 points)
68Mark as read.Barbary Shore (1951)
Norman Mailer
3.03
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 31 (3.03 points)
69Mark as read.A Good Man Is Hard to Find (1955)
Flannery O'Connor
3.03
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 31 (3.03 points)
70Mark as read.The Assistant (1957)
Bernard Malamud
3.00New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 102 (3.00 points)New York Times score adjusted to correct for title consisting of an n-gram occuring with high frequency in the English language corpus.

New York Times N-gram Frequency Correction: -70.29%
71Mark as read.The Outsider (1953)
Richard Wright
2.99
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 30 (2.99 points)
72Mark as read.The Best of Everything (1958)
Rona Jaffe
2.95
Genre: Mixed Genre

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
73Mark as read.The Third Choice (1959)
Elizabeth Janeway
2.95
Genre: Mixed Genre

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
74Mark as read.The Ballad of the Sad Cafe (1951)
Carson McCullers
2.95
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
75Mark as read.Malcolm (1959)
James Purdy
2.95
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
76Mark as read.Player Piano (1952)
Kurt Vonnegut
2.95
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 29 (2.95 points)
77Mark as read.The Cave (1959)
Robert Penn Warren
2.91
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 28 (2.91 points)
78Mark as read.The Subterraneans (1958)
Jack Kerouac
2.87
Genre: Novella

New York Times Archive: 27 (2.87 points)
79Mark as read.The Groves of Academe (1951)
Mary McCarthy
2.87
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 27 (2.87 points)
80Mark as read.The Killer Inside Me (1952)
Jim Thompson
2.87
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 27 (2.87 points)
81Mark as read.The Floating Opera (1956)
John Barth
2.83
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 26 (2.83 points)
82Mark as read.The Field of Vision (1956)
Wright Morris
2.83
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 26 (2.83 points)
83Mark as read.Psycho (1959)
Robert Bloch
2.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 25 (2.79 points)
84Mark as read.Shiloh (1952)
Shelby Foote
2.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 25 (2.79 points)
85Mark as read.The Price of Salt (1952)
Patricia Highsmith
2.79
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 25 (2.79 points)
86Mark as read.The Haunting of Hill House (1959)
Shirley Jackson
2.74
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 24 (2.74 points)
87Mark as read.The Sweet Flypaper of Life (1955)
Langston Hughes
2.74
Genre: Other

New York Times Archive: 24 (2.74 points)
88Mark as read.The View from Pompey's Head (1954)
Hamilton Basso
2.70
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 23 (2.70 points)
89Mark as read.Pictures from an Institution (1954)
Randall Jarrell
2.70
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 23 (2.70 points)
90Mark as read.The Cool World (1959)
Warren Miller
2.70
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 23 (2.70 points)
91Mark as read.Sweet Thursday (1954)
John Steinbeck
2.65
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 22 (2.65 points)
92Mark as read.The Family Moskat (1950)
Isaac Bashevis Singer
2.65
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 22 (2.65 points)
93Mark as read.The Night of the Hunter (1954)
Davis Grubb
2.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
94Mark as read.Jefferson Selleck (1952)
Carl Jonas
2.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
95Mark as read.Flowers for Algernon (1959)
Daniel Keyes
2.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
96Mark as read.A Charmed Life (1955)
Mary McCarthy
2.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
97Mark as read.Nine Stories (1953)
J. D. Salinger
2.60
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
98Mark as read.The Hustler (1959)
Walter Tevis
2.60
Genre: Mixed Genre

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
99Mark as read.Satan in Goray (1955)
Isaac Bashevis Singer
2.60
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 21 (2.60 points)
100Mark as read.Let It Come Down (1952)
Paul Bowles
2.55
Genre: Novel

New York Times Archive: 20 (2.55 points)

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N-gram Frequency Correction.

Titles consisting of words or phrases that are exceedingly common in the English language corpus (such as Stephen King's It or Joyce Carol Oates's them) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to n-gram frequency correction are estimates only and are marked with an asterisk. N-gram freqencies are drawn from the Corpus of Contemporary American English, a project created by Mark Davies.


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