metacanon logo
METACANON 0.7
about
statistics
blog
login
metacanon logo
METACANON 0.7

This is not a greatest books list.

Metacanon is a database that offers an alternative to the genre of the greatest books list. Unlike lists compiled by individuals or small committees of experts, metacanon builds custom book lists by culling data from tens of thousands of scholarly texts. This data-driven approach results in a more comprehensive, flexible, and inclusive gateway into the canon(s).

Metacanon 0.7 is limited primarily to American fiction after 1800, but future updates will expand to include other areas, genres, and periods.

Use the menu below to generate your own version of the canon.

Presets:

19th Century
20th Century
1800 - Present
New York Times Archive

Custom



Include only:

Show More Options

Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.









AMERICAN FICTION 1934

# Title Author Year Score
1Mark as read.Tender is the NightF. Scott Fitzgerald193416.28
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 325 (5.79 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 509 (4.65 points) | American Literature: 43 (3.42 points) | American Literary History: 7 (2.42 points)
2Mark as read.Tropic of CancerHenry Miller193412.70
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 301 (5.65 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 281 (3.87 points) | American Literature: 17 (2.39 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
3Mark as read.Call It SleepHenry Roth193411.61
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 117 (4.16 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 205 (3.50 points) | American Literature: 4 (1.22 points) | American Literary History: 9 (2.72 points)
4Mark as read.Jonah's Gourd VineZora Neale Hurston19349.93
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 138 (4.40 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 103 (2.79 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
5Mark as read.The Postman Always Rings TwiceJames M. Cain19348.19
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 92 (3.84 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 58 (2.29 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
6Mark as read.A Cool MillionNathanael West19347.63
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 16 (2.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 81 (2.57 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 3 (1.57 points)
7Mark as read.The Ways of White FolksLangston Hughes19347.46
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

Google Scholar: 84 (3.72 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 68 (2.42 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
8Mark as read.Work of ArtSinclair Lewis19347.34
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 326 (4.06 points) | American Literature: 8 (1.72 points) | American Literary History: 3 (1.57 points)
9Mark as read.The Thin ManDashiell Hammett19346.04
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 45 (2.09 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 3 (1.57 points)
10Mark as read.Appointment in SamarraJohn O'Hara19345.97
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 53 (3.17 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 39 (1.98 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
11Mark as read.Now in NovemberJosephine Johnson19344.95
Genre: Novel

Pulitzer Prize Winner (1.00 point) | Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 12 (1.24 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
12Mark as read.So Red the RoseStark Young19344.92
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 9 (1.55 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 78 (2.54 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
13Mark as read.Aleck Maury, SportsmanCaroline Gordon19343.03
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 21 (1.56 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
14Mark as read.Summer in WilliamsburgDaniel Fuchs19343.02
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 13 (1.83 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 11 (1.19 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
15Mark as read.Mary PetersMary Ellen Chase19342.71
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 12 (1.24 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
16Mark as read.Night of January 16thAyn Rand19341.24
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 12 (1.24 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
17Mark as read.Anitra's DanceFannie Hurst19341.20
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 2 (0.71 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 2 (0.50 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
# Score
1Mark as read.Tender is the Night (1934)
F. Scott Fitzgerald
16.28
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 325 (5.79 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 509 (4.65 points) | American Literature: 43 (3.42 points) | American Literary History: 7 (2.42 points)
2Mark as read.Tropic of Cancer (1934)
Henry Miller
12.70
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 301 (5.65 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 281 (3.87 points) | American Literature: 17 (2.39 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
3Mark as read.Call It Sleep (1934)
Henry Roth
11.61
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 117 (4.16 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 205 (3.50 points) | American Literature: 4 (1.22 points) | American Literary History: 9 (2.72 points)
4Mark as read.Jonah's Gourd Vine (1934)
Zora Neale Hurston
9.93
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 138 (4.40 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 103 (2.79 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
5Mark as read.The Postman Always Rings Twice (1934)
James M. Cain
8.19
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 92 (3.84 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 58 (2.29 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
6Mark as read.A Cool Million (1934)
Nathanael West
7.63
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 16 (2.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 81 (2.57 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 3 (1.57 points)
7Mark as read.The Ways of White Folks (1934)
Langston Hughes
7.46
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

Google Scholar: 84 (3.72 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 68 (2.42 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
8Mark as read.Work of Art (1934)
Sinclair Lewis
7.34
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 326 (4.06 points) | American Literature: 8 (1.72 points) | American Literary History: 3 (1.57 points)
9Mark as read.The Thin Man (1934)
Dashiell Hammett
6.04
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 45 (2.09 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 3 (1.57 points)
10Mark as read.Appointment in Samarra (1934)
John O'Hara
5.97
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 53 (3.17 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 39 (1.98 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
11Mark as read.Now in November (1934)
Josephine Johnson
4.95
Genre: Novel

Pulitzer Prize Winner (1.00 point) | Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 12 (1.24 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 2 (1.24 points)
12Mark as read.So Red the Rose (1934)
Stark Young
4.92
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 9 (1.55 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 78 (2.54 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
13Mark as read.Aleck Maury, Sportsman (1934)
Caroline Gordon
3.03
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 21 (1.56 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
14Mark as read.Summer in Williamsburg (1934)
Daniel Fuchs
3.02
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 13 (1.83 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 11 (1.19 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
15Mark as read.Mary Peters (1934)
Mary Ellen Chase
2.71
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 12 (1.24 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
16Mark as read.Night of January 16th (1934)
Ayn Rand
1.24
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 12 (1.24 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
17Mark as read.Anitra's Dance (1934)
Fannie Hurst
1.20
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 2 (0.71 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 2 (0.50 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)

×

You must be logged in to do that.


Click here to log in or register.
×




Include only:

Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.







Yes No

Enter a title for your preset. Your saved presets will appear on your user page.
×

N-gram Frequency Correction.

Titles consisting of words or phrases that are exceedingly common in the English language corpus (such as Stephen King's It or Joyce Carol Oates's them) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to n-gram frequency correction are estimates only and are marked with an asterisk. N-gram freqencies are drawn from the Corpus of Contemporary American English, a project created by Mark Davies.


×

Non-unique author Correction.

Books by authors with a non-unique name (for example "Winston Churchill," the American novelist) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to non-unique author correction are estimates only and are marked with a dagger.


metacanon logo
about
statistics
blog
login
metacanon logo
about
statistics
blog
login
Follow us on Twitter. Like us on Facebook.