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METACANON 0.7
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METACANON 0.7

This is not a greatest books list.

Metacanon is a database that offers an alternative to the genre of the greatest books list. Unlike lists compiled by individuals or small committees of experts, metacanon builds custom book lists by culling data from tens of thousands of scholarly texts. This data-driven approach results in a more comprehensive, flexible, and inclusive gateway into the canon(s).

Metacanon 0.7 is limited primarily to American fiction after 1800, but future updates will expand to include other areas, genres, and periods.

Use the menu below to generate your own version of the canon.

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19th Century
20th Century
1800 - Present
New York Times Archive

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Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.









AMERICAN FICTION 1916

# Title Author Year Score
1Mark as read.Bunner SistersEdith Wharton19165.90
Genre: Novella

Google Scholar: 10 (1.63 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 69 (2.43 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
2Mark as read.East LynneEllen Wood19165.79
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 95 (3.88 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 35 (1.90 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
3Mark as read.Windy McPherson's SonSherwood Anderson19165.34
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 13 (1.83 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 41 (2.02 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
4Mark as read.The Leatherwood GodWilliam Dean Howells19165.29
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 52 (2.20 points) | American Literature: 7 (1.61 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
5Mark as read.You Know Me AlRing Lardner19164.99
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 13 (1.83 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 30 (1.79 points) | American Literature: 5 (1.37 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
6Mark as read.With Her in OurlandCharlotte Perkins Gilman19164.31
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 36 (1.92 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
7Mark as read.XinguEdith Wharton19164.22
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

Google Scholar: 9 (1.55 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 48 (2.14 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
8Mark as read.The Little Lady of the Big HouseJack London19164.05
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 28 (1.75 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
9Mark as read.The Pleasant Ways of St. MedardGrace King19162.47
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 4 (1.05 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 6 (0.90 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
10Mark as read.Rinkitink in OzL. Frank Baum19161.99
Genre: Novel, Other

Google Scholar: 5 (1.17 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 5 (0.82 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
11Mark as read.Cruise of the Jasper B.Don Marquis19160.63
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 3 (0.63 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
# Score
1Mark as read.Bunner Sisters (1916)
Edith Wharton
5.90
Genre: Novella

Google Scholar: 10 (1.63 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 69 (2.43 points) | American Literature: 3 (1.04 points) | American Literary History: 1 (0.79 points)
2Mark as read.East Lynne (1916)
Ellen Wood
5.79
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 95 (3.88 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 35 (1.90 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
3Mark as read.Windy McPherson's Son (1916)
Sherwood Anderson
5.34
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 13 (1.83 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 41 (2.02 points) | American Literature: 6 (1.50 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
4Mark as read.The Leatherwood God (1916)
William Dean Howells
5.29
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 52 (2.20 points) | American Literature: 7 (1.61 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
5Mark as read.You Know Me Al (1916)
Ring Lardner
4.99
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 13 (1.83 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 30 (1.79 points) | American Literature: 5 (1.37 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
6Mark as read.With Her in Ourland (1916)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
4.31
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 25 (2.39 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 36 (1.92 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
7Mark as read.Xingu (1916)
Edith Wharton
4.22
Genre: Collection of Short Stories

Google Scholar: 9 (1.55 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 48 (2.14 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
8Mark as read.The Little Lady of the Big House (1916)
Jack London
4.05
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 8 (1.47 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 28 (1.75 points) | American Literature: 2 (0.83 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
9Mark as read.The Pleasant Ways of St. Medard (1916)
Grace King
2.47
Genre: Mixed Genre

Google Scholar: 4 (1.05 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 6 (0.90 points) | American Literature: 1 (0.53 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
10Mark as read.Rinkitink in Oz (1916)
L. Frank Baum
1.99
Genre: Novel, Other

Google Scholar: 5 (1.17 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 5 (0.82 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)
11Mark as read.Cruise of the Jasper B. (1916)
Don Marquis
0.63
Genre: Novel

Google Scholar: 0 (0.00 points) | JSTOR (Language and Literature): 3 (0.63 points) | American Literature: 0 (0.00 points) | American Literary History: 0 (0.00 points)

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Include only:

Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.







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N-gram Frequency Correction.

Titles consisting of words or phrases that are exceedingly common in the English language corpus (such as Stephen King's It or Joyce Carol Oates's them) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to n-gram frequency correction are estimates only and are marked with an asterisk. N-gram freqencies are drawn from the Corpus of Contemporary American English, a project created by Mark Davies.


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Non-unique author Correction.

Books by authors with a non-unique name (for example "Winston Churchill," the American novelist) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to non-unique author correction are estimates only and are marked with a dagger.


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