metacanon logo
METACANON 0.7
about
statistics
login
metacanon logo
METACANON 0.7

This is not a greatest books list.

Metacanon is a database that offers an alternative to the genre of the greatest books list. Unlike lists compiled by individuals or small committees of experts, metacanon builds custom book lists by culling data from tens of thousands of scholarly texts. This data-driven approach results in a more comprehensive, flexible, and inclusive gateway into the canon(s).

Metacanon 0.7 is limited primarily to American fiction after 1800, but future updates will expand to include other areas, genres, and periods.

Use the menu below to generate your own version of the canon.

Presets:

19th Century
20th Century
1800 - Present
New York Times Archive

Custom



Include only:

Show More Options

Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.










AMERICAN FICTION 1800-2016

# Title Author Year Score
1Mark as read.The AmericanHenry James18778.91
2Mark as read.a, A NovelAndy Warhol19688.30
3Mark as read.On the RoadJack Kerouac19578.01
4Mark as read.The HelpKathryn Stockett20097.51
5Mark as read.TwilightStephenie Meyer20057.50
6Mark as read.Moby DickHerman Melville18517.47
7Mark as read.Gone with the WindMargaret Mitchell19367.41
8Mark as read.The StandStephen King19787.36
9Mark as read.The Great GatsbyF. Scott Fitzgerald19257.27
10Mark as read.The Da Vinci CodeDan Brown20037.22
11Mark as read.The Grapes of WrathJohn Steinbeck19397.09
12Mark as read.Uncle Tom's CabinHarriet Beecher Stowe18527.09
13Mark as read.To Kill a MockingbirdHarper Lee19606.99
14Mark as read.Main StreetSinclair Lewis19206.99
15Mark as read.Water for ElephantsSara Gruen20066.98
16Mark as read.The Hunger GamesSuzanne Collins20086.83
17Mark as read.The Kite RunnerKhaled Hosseini20036.80
18Mark as read.The Bonfire of the VanitiesTom Wolfe19876.65
19Mark as read.LolitaVladimir Nabokov19556.59
20Mark as read.Washington SquareHenry James18806.53
21Mark as read.BabbittSinclair Lewis19226.42
22Mark as read.The TownWilliam Faulkner19576.33
23Mark as read.The Color PurpleAlice Walker19826.33
24Mark as read.The Turn of the ScrewHenry James18986.27
25Mark as read.BelovedToni Morrison19876.26
26Mark as read.Of Mice and MenJohn Steinbeck19376.24
27Mark as read.Gone GirlGillian Flynn20126.23
28Mark as read.A Dance With DragonsGeorge R. R. Martin20116.18
29Mark as read.The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time IndianSherman Alexie20076.15
30Mark as read.The Sun Also RisesErnest Hemingway19266.13
31Mark as read.From Here to EternityJames Jones19516.11
32Mark as read.The CorrectionsJonathan Franzen20016.11
33Mark as read.The Lovely BonesAlice Sebold20026.11
34Mark as read.The ShiningStephen King19776.09
35Mark as read.Jurassic ParkMichael Crichton19906.03
36Mark as read.The Bridges of Madison CountyRobert James Waller19926.02
37Mark as read.RagtimeE. L. Doctorow19756.00
38Mark as read.Native SonRichard Wright19406.00
39Mark as read.For Whom the Bell TollsErnest Hemingway19405.99
40Mark as read.Adventures of Huckleberry FinnMark Twain18845.98
41Mark as read.The Catcher in the RyeJ. D. Salinger19515.93
42Mark as read.Little WomenLouisa May Alcott18695.93
43Mark as read.Catch-22Joseph Heller19615.92
44Mark as read.Look Homeward, AngelThomas Wolfe19295.89
45Mark as read.The ChildrenEdith Wharton19285.89
46Mark as read.The Fault in Our StarsJohn Green20125.86
47Mark as read.Invisible ManRalph Ellison19525.86
48Mark as read.The JungleUpton Sinclair19065.86
49Mark as read.A Farewell to ArmsErnest Hemingway19295.83
50Mark as read.The Old Man and the SeaErnest Hemingway19525.82
51Mark as read.Slaughterhouse-FiveKurt Vonnegut19695.79
52Mark as read.The Age of InnocenceEdith Wharton19205.77
53Mark as read.Portnoy's ComplaintPhilip Roth19695.76
54Mark as read.The Naked and the DeadNorman Mailer19485.75
55Mark as read.A Storm Of SwordsGeorge R. R. Martin20005.73
56Mark as read.The Hunt for Red OctoberTom Clancy19845.71
57Mark as read.In AmericaSusan Sontag19995.70
58Mark as read.The NotebookNicholas Sparks19965.69
59Mark as read.The Clan of the Cave BearJean M. Auel19805.68
60Mark as read.Lonesome DoveLarry McMurtry19855.68
61Mark as read.The EuropeansHenry James18785.67
62Mark as read.Guys and DollsDamon Runyon19325.66
63Mark as read.The PearlJohn Steinbeck19475.64
64Mark as read.The Secret Life of BeesSue Monk Kidd20025.63
65Mark as read.JawsPeter Benchley19745.62
66Mark as read.The Red Badge of CourageStephen Crane18955.61
67Mark as read.The Portrait of a LadyHenry James18815.60
68Mark as read.In Our TimeErnest Hemingway19255.56
69Mark as read.DuneFrank Herbert19655.56
70Mark as read.A Feast For CrowsGeorge R. R. Martin20055.55
71Mark as read.Cold MountainCharles Frazier19975.53
72Mark as read.JazzToni Morrison19925.53
73Mark as read.CarrieStephen King19745.50
74Mark as read.RootsAlex Haley19765.48
75Mark as read.HerzogSaul Bellow19645.47
76Mark as read.ArrowsmithSinclair Lewis19255.47
77Mark as read.The House of MirthEdith Wharton19055.47
78Mark as read.Memoirs of a GeishaArthur Golden19975.45
79Mark as read.PorgyDuBose Heyward19255.44
80Mark as read.ConfidenceHenry James18795.42
81Mark as read.Gentlemen Prefer BlondesAnita Loos19255.41
82Mark as read.The HoursMichael Cunningham19985.40
83Mark as read.Left BehindTim LaHaye19955.40
84Mark as read.Tropic of CancerHenry Miller19345.40
85Mark as read.The FallsJoyce Carol Oates20045.37
86Mark as read.The Scarlet LetterNathaniel Hawthorne18505.35
87Mark as read.An American TragedyTheodore Dreiser19255.33
88Mark as read.Atlas ShruggedAyn Rand19575.32
89Mark as read.The FountainheadAyn Rand19435.32
90Mark as read.Charlotte's WebE. B. White19525.31
91Mark as read.The GodfatherMario Puzo19695.29
92Mark as read.Elmer GantrySinclair Lewis19265.28
93Mark as read.The Tiger's WifeTea Obreht20115.26
94Mark as read.All the King's MenRobert Penn Warren19465.24
95Mark as read.The Maltese FalconDashiell Hammett19305.23
96Mark as read.The AmbassadorsHenry James19035.22
97Mark as read.Oil!Upton Sinclair19275.21
98Mark as read.A Tree Grows in BrooklynBetty Smith19435.19
99Mark as read.It Can't Happen HereSinclair Lewis19355.18
100Mark as read.The Joy Luck ClubAmy Tan19895.18
# Score
1Mark as read.The American (1877)
Henry James
8.91
2Mark as read.a, A Novel (1968)
Andy Warhol
8.30
3Mark as read.On the Road (1957)
Jack Kerouac
8.01
4Mark as read.The Help (2009)
Kathryn Stockett
7.51
5Mark as read.Twilight (2005)
Stephenie Meyer
7.50
6Mark as read.Moby Dick (1851)
Herman Melville
7.47
7Mark as read.Gone with the Wind (1936)
Margaret Mitchell
7.41
8Mark as read.The Stand (1978)
Stephen King
7.36
9Mark as read.The Great Gatsby (1925)
F. Scott Fitzgerald
7.27
10Mark as read.The Da Vinci Code (2003)
Dan Brown
7.22
11Mark as read.The Grapes of Wrath (1939)
John Steinbeck
7.09
12Mark as read.Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
7.09
13Mark as read.To Kill a Mockingbird (1960)
Harper Lee
6.99
14Mark as read.Main Street (1920)
Sinclair Lewis
6.99
15Mark as read.Water for Elephants (2006)
Sara Gruen
6.98
16Mark as read.The Hunger Games (2008)
Suzanne Collins
6.83
17Mark as read.The Kite Runner (2003)
Khaled Hosseini
6.80
18Mark as read.The Bonfire of the Vanities (1987)
Tom Wolfe
6.65
19Mark as read.Lolita (1955)
Vladimir Nabokov
6.59
20Mark as read.Washington Square (1880)
Henry James
6.53
21Mark as read.Babbitt (1922)
Sinclair Lewis
6.42
22Mark as read.The Town (1957)
William Faulkner
6.33
23Mark as read.The Color Purple (1982)
Alice Walker
6.33
24Mark as read.The Turn of the Screw (1898)
Henry James
6.27
25Mark as read.Beloved (1987)
Toni Morrison
6.26
26Mark as read.Of Mice and Men (1937)
John Steinbeck
6.24
27Mark as read.Gone Girl (2012)
Gillian Flynn
6.23
28Mark as read.A Dance With Dragons (2011)
George R. R. Martin
6.18
29Mark as read.The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian (2007)
Sherman Alexie
6.15
30Mark as read.The Sun Also Rises (1926)
Ernest Hemingway
6.13
31Mark as read.From Here to Eternity (1951)
James Jones
6.11
32Mark as read.The Corrections (2001)
Jonathan Franzen
6.11
33Mark as read.The Lovely Bones (2002)
Alice Sebold
6.11
34Mark as read.The Shining (1977)
Stephen King
6.09
35Mark as read.Jurassic Park (1990)
Michael Crichton
6.03
36Mark as read.The Bridges of Madison County (1992)
Robert James Waller
6.02
37Mark as read.Ragtime (1975)
E. L. Doctorow
6.00
38Mark as read.Native Son (1940)
Richard Wright
6.00
39Mark as read.For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
Ernest Hemingway
5.99
40Mark as read.Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)
Mark Twain
5.98
41Mark as read.The Catcher in the Rye (1951)
J. D. Salinger
5.93
42Mark as read.Little Women (1869)
Louisa May Alcott
5.93
43Mark as read.Catch-22 (1961)
Joseph Heller
5.92
44Mark as read.Look Homeward, Angel (1929)
Thomas Wolfe
5.89
45Mark as read.The Children (1928)
Edith Wharton
5.89
46Mark as read.The Fault in Our Stars (2012)
John Green
5.86
47Mark as read.Invisible Man (1952)
Ralph Ellison
5.86
48Mark as read.The Jungle (1906)
Upton Sinclair
5.86
49Mark as read.A Farewell to Arms (1929)
Ernest Hemingway
5.83
50Mark as read.The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
Ernest Hemingway
5.82
51Mark as read.Slaughterhouse-Five (1969)
Kurt Vonnegut
5.79
52Mark as read.The Age of Innocence (1920)
Edith Wharton
5.77
53Mark as read.Portnoy's Complaint (1969)
Philip Roth
5.76
54Mark as read.The Naked and the Dead (1948)
Norman Mailer
5.75
55Mark as read.A Storm Of Swords (2000)
George R. R. Martin
5.73
56Mark as read.The Hunt for Red October (1984)
Tom Clancy
5.71
57Mark as read.In America (1999)
Susan Sontag
5.70
58Mark as read.The Notebook (1996)
Nicholas Sparks
5.69
59Mark as read.The Clan of the Cave Bear (1980)
Jean M. Auel
5.68
60Mark as read.Lonesome Dove (1985)
Larry McMurtry
5.68
61Mark as read.The Europeans (1878)
Henry James
5.67
62Mark as read.Guys and Dolls (1932)
Damon Runyon
5.66
63Mark as read.The Pearl (1947)
John Steinbeck
5.64
64Mark as read.The Secret Life of Bees (2002)
Sue Monk Kidd
5.63
65Mark as read.Jaws (1974)
Peter Benchley
5.62
66Mark as read.The Red Badge of Courage (1895)
Stephen Crane
5.61
67Mark as read.The Portrait of a Lady (1881)
Henry James
5.60
68Mark as read.In Our Time (1925)
Ernest Hemingway
5.56
69Mark as read.Dune (1965)
Frank Herbert
5.56
70Mark as read.A Feast For Crows (2005)
George R. R. Martin
5.55
71Mark as read.Cold Mountain (1997)
Charles Frazier
5.53
72Mark as read.Jazz (1992)
Toni Morrison
5.53
73Mark as read.Carrie (1974)
Stephen King
5.50
74Mark as read.Roots (1976)
Alex Haley
5.48
75Mark as read.Herzog (1964)
Saul Bellow
5.47
76Mark as read.Arrowsmith (1925)
Sinclair Lewis
5.47
77Mark as read.The House of Mirth (1905)
Edith Wharton
5.47
78Mark as read.Memoirs of a Geisha (1997)
Arthur Golden
5.45
79Mark as read.Porgy (1925)
DuBose Heyward
5.44
80Mark as read.Confidence (1879)
Henry James
5.42
81Mark as read.Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1925)
Anita Loos
5.41
82Mark as read.The Hours (1998)
Michael Cunningham
5.40
83Mark as read.Left Behind (1995)
Tim LaHaye
5.40
84Mark as read.Tropic of Cancer (1934)
Henry Miller
5.40
85Mark as read.The Falls (2004)
Joyce Carol Oates
5.37
86Mark as read.The Scarlet Letter (1850)
Nathaniel Hawthorne
5.35
87Mark as read.An American Tragedy (1925)
Theodore Dreiser
5.33
88Mark as read.Atlas Shrugged (1957)
Ayn Rand
5.32
89Mark as read.The Fountainhead (1943)
Ayn Rand
5.32
90Mark as read.Charlotte's Web (1952)
E. B. White
5.31
91Mark as read.The Godfather (1969)
Mario Puzo
5.29
92Mark as read.Elmer Gantry (1926)
Sinclair Lewis
5.28
93Mark as read.The Tiger's Wife (2011)
Tea Obreht
5.26
94Mark as read.All the King's Men (1946)
Robert Penn Warren
5.24
95Mark as read.The Maltese Falcon (1930)
Dashiell Hammett
5.23
96Mark as read.The Ambassadors (1903)
Henry James
5.22
97Mark as read.Oil! (1927)
Upton Sinclair
5.21
98Mark as read.A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1943)
Betty Smith
5.19
99Mark as read.It Can't Happen Here (1935)
Sinclair Lewis
5.18
100Mark as read.The Joy Luck Club (1989)
Amy Tan
5.18

×

You must be logged in to do that.


Click here to log in or register.
×




Include only:


Include only works published between and .

Althorithm Modifications

Change the weight of these data points in order to change the shape of your canon.








Yes No

Enter a title for your preset. Your saved presets will appear on your user page.
×

N-gram Frequency Correction.

Titles consisting of words or phrases that are exceedingly common in the English language corpus (such as Stephen King's It or Joyce Carol Oates's them) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to n-gram frequency correction are estimates only and are marked with an asterisk. N-gram freqencies are drawn from the Corpus of Contemporary American English, a project created by Mark Davies.


×

Non-unique author Correction.

Books by authors with a non-unique name (for example "Winston Churchill," the American novelist) tend to be overrepresented in search results, thus resulting in an articially inflated citation count. To counteract this tendency, Metacanon adjusts the scores for these works accordingly. Scores subjected to non-unique author correction are estimates only and are marked with a dagger.


metacanon logo
about
statistics
login
metacanon logo
about
statistics
login